 Dataplot Vol 1 Vol 2

# COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST

Name:
COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST
Type:
Analysis Command
Purpose:
Perform either a one sample coefficient of variation test or a two sample coefficient of variation test.
Description:
The coefficient of variation is defined as the ratio of the standard deviation to the mean

$$\mbox{cv} = \frac{\sigma} {\mu}$$

where σ and μ denote the population standard deviation and population mean, respectively. The sample coefficient of variation is defined as

$$\mbox{cv} = \frac{s} {\bar{x}}$$

where s and $$\bar{x}$$ denote the sample standard deviation and sample mean respectively.

The coefficient of variation should typically only be used for ratio data. That is, the data should be continuous and have a meaningful zero. Although the coefficient of variation statistic can be computed for data that is not on a ratio scale, the interpretation of the coeffcient of variation may not be meaningful. Currently, this command is only supported for non-negative data. If the response variable contains one or more negative numbers, an error message will be returned.

The one sample coefficient of variation tests whether the coefficient of variation is equal to a given value. Note that this can be for either a single sample or for the common coefficient for multile groups of data (it is assummed the groups have equal population coefficient of variation values).

 H0: γ = γ0 Ha: γ ≠ γ0

The test statistic is

$$\sum_{i}^{k}{\frac{(n_{i} - 1) u_{i}} {\theta_{0}}}$$

where

 k = the number of groups $$u_{i}$$ = $$\frac{c_{i}^{2}} {1 + c_{i}^{2} (n_{i} - 1)}$$ ci = coefficient of variation for the i-th group ni = sample size for the i-th group θ0 = $$\frac{ \gamma_{0}^{2}} {1 + \gamma_{0}^{2}}$$

where γ is the common coefficient of variation and γ0 is the hypothesized value.

This statistic is compared to a chi-square with $$\sum_{i}^{k}{n_{i} - 1}$$ degrees of freedom. The most common usage is the case for a single group (i.e., k = 1).

The two sample coefficient of variation tests whether two distinct samples have equal, but unspecified, coefficients of variations. As with the single sample case, each of the two samples can consist of either a single group or multiple groups of data.

 H0: γ1 = γ2 Ha: γ1 ≠ γ2

The test statistic is

$$F = \frac {\mbox{NUM}} {\mbox{DENOM}}$$

where

$$\mbox{NUM} = \frac {\sum_{i}^{k}{(n_{1i} - 1) u_{1i}}} {\sum_{i}^{k}{n_{1i} - 1}}$$

$$\mbox{DENOM} = \frac {\sum_{i}^{k}{(n_{2i} - 1) u_{2i}}} {\sum_{i}^{k}{n_{2i} - 1}}$$

where

 k1 = the number of groups for sample one k2 = the number of groups for sample two $$u_{ri}$$ = $$\frac{c_{ri}^{2}} {1 + c_{ri}^{2}*(n_{ri} - 1)/n_{ri}}$$ $$c_{ri}$$ = coefficient of variation for the i-th group and the r-th sample $$n_{ri}$$ = the sample size for the i-the group and the r-th sample r = 1, 2 (i.e., the two samples)

when k1 = k2 = 1, the test simplifies to

$$F = \frac{c_{1}^{2}/(1 + c_{1}^{2}(n_{1} - 1)/n_{1})} {c_{2}^{2}/(1 + c_{2}^{2}(n_{2} - 1)/n_{2})}$$

This statistic is compared to the F distribution with $$\sum_{i=1}^{k_{1}}{n_{1i} -1}$$ and $$\sum_{i=1}^{k_{2}}{n_{2i} -1}$$ degrees of freedom.

The test implemented here was proposed by Forkman (see the References below). There are a number of alternative tests (see the paper by Krishnamooorthy and Lee in the References section). Simulations by Forkman and also by Krishnamoorthy and Lee indicate that the Forkman test has good nominal coverage and reasonable power.

Syntax 1:
ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST <y> <x> <gamma0>
<SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification>
where <y> is the response variable;
<x> is the optional group-id variable;
<gamma0> is a parameter that specifies the hypothesized value;
and where the <SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification> is optional.

This syntax performs a two-tailed test.

If there are no groups in the data, the group-id variable can be omitted.

The <gamma0> can either be given on this command or specified before entering this command by entering

LET GAMMA0 = <value>

If the <x> variable is given, it should have the same number of rows as the <y> variable.

Syntax 2:
ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION <LOWER/UPPER> TAILED
TEST <y> <x> <gamma0>
<SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification>
where <y> is the response variable;
<x> is the optional group-id variable;
<gamma0> is a parameter that specifies the hypothesized value;
and where the <SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification> is optional.

This syntax performs a one-tailed test. If LOWER is entered, then the alternate hypothesis is

Ha: gamma < gamma0

If UPPER is entered, then the alternative hypothesis is

Ha: gamma > gamma0

If there are no groups in the data, the group-id variable can be omitted.

The <gamma0> can either be given on this command or specified before entering this command by entering

LET GAMMA0 = <value>

If the <x> variable is given, it should have the same number of rows as the <y> variable.

Syntax 3:
TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST <y1> <x1> <y2> <x2>
<SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification>
where <y1> is the first response variable;
<x1> is the optional first group-id variable;
<y2> is the second response variable;
<x2> is the optional second group-id variable;
and where the <SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification> is optional.

This syntax performs a two-tailed test.

If there are no groups in the data, the group-id variables can be omitted. However, if a group-id variable is specified for one response variable, it should also be specified for the second response variable. If one of the response variables has groups but the other response variable does not, then a group-id variable can be created that has all values equal to 1.

The <y1> and <x1> variables should have the same number of rows. Likewise the <y2> and <x2> variables should have the same number of rows. However, <y1> and need not have the same number of rows.

Syntax 4:
TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION <LOWER/UPPER> TAILED
TEST <y1> <x1> <y2> <x2>
<SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification>
where <y1> is the first response variable;
<x1> is the optional first group-id variable;
<y2> is the second response variable;
<x2> is the optional second group-id variable;
and where the <SUBSET/EXCEPT/FOR qualification> is optional.

This syntax performs a one-tailed test. If LOWER is entered, then the alternate hypothesis is

Ha: gamma1 < gamma2

If UPPER is entered, then the alternative hypothesis is

Ha: gamma1 > gamma2

If there are no groups in the data, the group-id variable can be omitted.

If there are no groups in the data, the group-id variables can be omitted. However, if a group-id variable is specifiend for one response variable, it should also be specified for the second response variable. If one of the response variables has groups but the other response variable does not, then a group-id variable can be created that has all values equal to 1.

The <y1> and <x1> variables should have the same number of rows. Likewise the <y2> and <x2> variables should have the same number of rows. However, <y1> and <y2> need not have the same number of rows.

Examples:
LET GAMMA0 = 0.1
ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST Y GAMMA0
ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST Y X GAMMA0
ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION UPPER TAILED TEST ...
Y X GAMMA0
ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST Y X GAMMA0 ...
SUBSET X > 2

TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST Y1 Y2
TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST Y1 X1 Y2 X2
TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION LOWER TAILED TEST Y1 Y2

Note:
A table of confidence limits is printed for alpha levels of 50.0, 80.0, 90.0, 95.0, 99.0, and 99.9.
Note:
In addition to the COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION CONFIDENCE LIMIT command, the following commands can also be used:

LET A = ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST ...
Y X
LET A = ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST ...
CDF Y X
LET A = ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST ...
PVALUE Y X
LET A = ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION LOWER ...
PVALUE Y X
LET A = ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION UPPER ...
PVALUE Y X

LET A = TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST ...
Y1 Y2
LET A = TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST ...
CDF Y1 Y2
LET A = TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST ...
PVALUE Y1 Y2
LET A = TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION LOWER ...
PVALUE Y1 Y2
LET A = TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION UPPER ...
PVALUE Y1 Y2

The LOWER PVALUE and UPPER PVALUE refer to the p-values based on lower tailed and upper tailed tests, respectively.

For the one sample test, these statistics can be computed from summary data as well

LET A = SUMMARY ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION ...
TEST YMEAN YSD YN
LET A = SUMMARY ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION ...
CDF YMEAN YSD YN
LET A = SUMMARY ONE SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION ...
PVALUE

where YMEAN, YSD, and YN are arrays that contain the sample means, sample standard deviations, and sample sizes, respectively.

In addition to the above LET commands, built-in statistics are supported for 20+ different commands (enter HELP STATISTICS for details).

Note:
As mentioned above, there are a number of tests that have been proposed. For the two sample test with no groups for the samples, Dataplot also supports the Miller test. This test statistic is given by

$$\frac {c_{1} - c_{2}} {\sqrt{\frac{c^{2}}{2(n_{1} - 1)} + \frac{c^{4}}{n_{1} - 1} + \frac{c^{2}}{2(n_{2} - 1)} + \frac{c^{4}}{n_{2} - 1}}}$$

where

 n1 = = the sample size for sample one c1 = the sample coefficient of variation for sample one n2 = = the sample size for sample two c2 = the sample coefficient of variation for sample two c = $$\frac{(n_{1} - 1)c_{1} + (n_{2} - 1)c_{2}} {n_{1} + n_{2} - 2}$$

To use the Miller test, enter the command (before the TWO SAMPLE COEFFICENT OF VARIATION TEST command)

SET TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST MILLER

To reset the default Forkman test, enter

SET TWO SAMPLE COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION TEST FORKMAN
Default:
None
Synonyms:
None
Related Commands:
 COMMON COEFFICENT OF VARIATION CONFIDENCE LIMITS = Generate a confidence interval for a common coefficient of variation. COEFFICIENT OF VARIATION = Compute the coefficient of variation. COEFFICENT OF VARIATION CONFIDENCE LIMITS = Compute a confidence interval for the coefficient of variation. CONFIDENCE LIMITS = Generate a confidence limit for the mean. SD CONFIDENCE LIMITS = Generate a confidence limit for the standard deviation. PREDICTION LIMITS = Generate prediction limits for the mean. TOLERANCE LIMITS = Generate a tolerance limit.
References:
Forkman (2009), "Estimator and Tests for Common Coefficients of Variation in Normal Distributions", Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, Vol. 38, pp. 233-251.

Miller (1991), "Asymptotic Test Statistics for Coefficient of Variation", Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, Vol. 20, pp. 3351-3363.

McKay (1932), "Distributions of the Coefficient of Variation and the Extended 't' Distribution", Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Vol. 95, pp. 695-698.

Krishnamoorthy and Lee (2014), "Improved Tests for the Equality of Normal Coefficients of Variation", Computational Statistics, Vol. 29, pp. 215-232.

Applications:
Confirmatory Data Analysis
Implementation Date:
2017/06
Program 1:

. Step 1:   Read the data
.
skip 25
skip 0
set write decimals 6
.
. Step 2:   Define plot control
.
title case asis
title offset 2
label case asis
.
y1label Coefficient of Variation
x1label Group
title Coefficient of Variation for GEAR.DAT
let ngroup = unique x
xlimits 1 ngroup
major x1tic mark number ngroup
minor x1tic mark number 0
tic mark offset units data
x1tic mark offset 0.5 0.5
y1tic mark label decimals 3
.
character X
line blank
.
.
. Step 3:   Plot the coefficient of variation over the batches
.
set statistic plot reference line average
coefficient of variation plot y x
.
. Step 4:   Demonstrate the LET commands for the test statistics
.           using raw data
.
let gamma0 = 0.005
let statval = one sample coef of variation test         y x
let statcdf = one sample coef of variation test cdf     y x
let pvalue  = one sample coef of variation test pvalue  y x
let pvall   = one sample coef of variation lower pvalue y x
let pvalu   = one sample coef of variation upper pvalue y x
print statval statcdf pvalue pvall pvalu
.
. Step 4:   Demonstrate the LET commands for the test statistics
.           using summary data
.
set let cross tabulate collapse
let ymean = cross tabulate mean y x
let ysd   = cross tabulate sd   y x
let yn    = cross tabulate size   x
.
let statval2 = summary one sample coef of variation test    ymean ysd yn
let statcdf2 = summary one sample coef of variation cdf     ymean ysd yn
let pvalue2  = summary one sample coef of variation pvalue  ymean ysd yn
print statval2 statcdf2 pvalue2
.
. Step 5:   Hypothesis test for common coefficient of variation
.
let gamma0 = 0.005
one sample coefficient of variation test y x
one sample coefficient of variation upper tail test y x
one sample coefficient of variation lower tail test y x The following output is generated.

 PARAMETERS AND CONSTANTS--

STATVAL --     127.554980
STATCDF --       0.994327
PVALUE  --       0.011346
PVALL   --       0.994327
PVALU   --       0.005673

PARAMETERS AND CONSTANTS--

STATVAL2--     127.554980
STATCDF2--       0.994327
PVALUE2 --       0.011346

Forkman One Sample Coefficient of Variation Test

Response Variable: Y
Group-ID Variable: X

H0: Coefficient of Variation Equal       0.005000
Ha: Coefficient of Variation Not Equal   0.005000

Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            100
Number of Groups:                        10
Number of Groups Included in Test:       10
Sample Common Coefficient of Variation:  0.005953

Test:
Gamma0:                                  0.005000
Test Statistic Value:                    127.554980
Degrees of Freedom:                      90
CDF Value:                               0.994327
P-Value (2-tailed test):                 0.011346
P-Value (lower-tailed test):             0.994327
P-Value (upper-tailed test):             0.005673

Two-Tailed Test

H0: Gamma = Gamma0; Ha: Gamma <> Gamma0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lower          Upper           Null
Significance           Test       Critical       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic          Value          Value     Conclusion
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%     127.554980      80.624665      98.649932         REJECT
80.0%     127.554980      73.291090     107.565009         REJECT
90.0%     127.554980      69.126030     113.145270         REJECT
95.0%     127.554980      65.646618     118.135893         REJECT
99.0%     127.554980      59.196304     128.298944         ACCEPT
99.9%     127.554980      52.275778     140.782281         ACCEPT

Forkman One Sample Coefficient of Variation Test

Response Variable: Y
Group-ID Variable: X

H0: Coefficient of Variation Equal       0.005000
Ha: Coefficient of Variation >           0.005000

Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            100
Number of Groups:                        10
Number of Groups Included in Test:       10
Sample Common Coefficient of Variation:  0.005953

Test:
Gamma0:                                  0.005000
Test Statistic Value:                    127.554980
Degrees of Freedom:                      90
CDF Value:                               0.994327
P-Value (2-tailed test):                 0.011346
P-Value (lower-tailed test):             0.994327
P-Value (upper-tailed test):             0.005673

Upper One-Tailed Test

H0: Gamma = Gamma0; Ha: Gamma > Gamma0
------------------------------------------------------------
Null
Significance           Test       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic      Value (>)     Conclusion
------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%     127.554980      89.334218         REJECT
80.0%     127.554980     101.053723         REJECT
90.0%     127.554980     107.565009         REJECT
95.0%     127.554980     113.145270         REJECT
99.0%     127.554980     124.116319         REJECT
99.9%     127.554980     137.208354         ACCEPT

Forkman One Sample Coefficient of Variation Test

Response Variable: Y
Group-ID Variable: X

H0: Coefficient of Variation Equal       0.005000
Ha: Coefficient of Variation <           0.005000

Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            100
Number of Groups:                        10
Number of Groups Included in Test:       10
Sample Common Coefficient of Variation:  0.005953

Test:
Gamma0:                                  0.005000
Test Statistic Value:                    127.554980
Degrees of Freedom:                      90
CDF Value:                               0.994327
P-Value (2-tailed test):                 0.011346
P-Value (lower-tailed test):             0.994327
P-Value (upper-tailed test):             0.005673

Lower One-Tailed Test

H0: Gamma = Gamma0; Ha: Gamma < Gamma0
------------------------------------------------------------
Null
Significance           Test       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic      Value (<)     Conclusion
------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%     127.554980      89.334218         ACCEPT
80.0%     127.554980      78.558432         ACCEPT
90.0%     127.554980      73.291090         ACCEPT
95.0%     127.554980      69.126030         ACCEPT
99.0%     127.554980      61.754079         ACCEPT
99.9%     127.554980      54.155244         ACCEPT

Program 2:

. Step 1:   Read the data
.
skip 25
skip 0
set write decimals 6
retain y2 subset y2 > 0
.
. Test for equal coefficient of variation
.
let statval = two sample coef of variation test         y1 y2
let statcdf = two sample coef of variation test cdf     y1 y2
let pvalue  = two sample coef of variation test pvalue  y1 y2
let pvall   = two sample coef of variation lower pvalue y1 y2
let pvalu   = two sample coef of variation upper pvalue y1 y2
print statval statcdf pvalue pvall pvalu
.
. Test for equal coefficient of variation
.
two sample coefficient of variation test y1 y2
two sample coefficient of variation lower tail test y1 y2
two sample coefficient of variation upper tail test y1 y2
set two sample coefficient of variation test miller
two sample coefficient of variation test y1 y2
two sample coefficient of variation lower tail test y1 y2
two sample coefficient of variation upper tail test y1 y2

The following output is generated.
 PARAMETERS AND CONSTANTS--

STATVAL --       2.384724
STATCDF --       0.999992
PVALUE  --       0.000015
PVALL   --       0.999992
PVALU   --       0.000008

Forkman Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

First Response Variable:  Y1
Second Response Variable: Y2

H0: Population Coefficients of Variation
Are Equal (gamma1 = gamma2)
Ha: gamma1 <> gamma2

Sample One Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            249
Number of Groups Included:               1
Sample Mean:                             20.144578
Sample Standard Deviation:               6.414699
Sample Coefficient of Variation:         0.318433

Sample Two Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            79
Number of Included Groups:               1
Sample Mean:                             30.481013
Sample Standard Deviation:               6.107710
Sample Coefficient of Variation:         0.200378

Forkman Test Statistic Value:            2.384724
Degrees of Freedom                       248
Degrees of Freedom                       78
CDF Value:                               0.999992
P-Value (2-tailed test):                 0.000015
P-Value (lower-tailed test):             0.999992
P-Value (upper-tailed test):             0.000008

Forkman Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

H0: gamma1 = gamma2; Ha: gamma1 <> gamma2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lower          Upper           Null
Significance           Test       Critical       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic          Value          Value     Conclusion
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%       2.384724       0.889585       1.140474         REJECT
80.0%       2.384724       0.798111       1.280145         REJECT
90.0%       2.384724       0.748580       1.373470         REJECT
95.0%       2.384724       0.708464       1.461059         REJECT
99.0%       2.384724       0.636939       1.652378         REJECT
99.9%       2.384724       0.563977       1.913576         REJECT

Forkman Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

First Response Variable:  Y1
Second Response Variable: Y2

H0: Population Coefficients of Variation
Are Equal (gamma1 = gamma2)
Ha: gamma1 < gamma2

Sample One Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            249
Number of Groups Included:               1
Sample Mean:                             20.144578
Sample Standard Deviation:               6.414699
Sample Coefficient of Variation:         0.318433

Sample Two Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            79
Number of Included Groups:               1
Sample Mean:                             30.481013
Sample Standard Deviation:               6.107710
Sample Coefficient of Variation:         0.200378

Forkman Test Statistic Value:            2.384724
Degrees of Freedom                       248
Degrees of Freedom                       78
CDF Value:                               0.999992
P-Value (2-tailed test):                 0.000015
P-Value (lower-tailed test):             0.999992
P-Value (upper-tailed test):             0.000008

Lower One-Tailed Test

H0: gamma1 = gamma2; Ha: gamma1 < gamma2
------------------------------------------------------------
Null
Significance           Test       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic      Value (<)     Conclusion
------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%       2.384724       1.005895         REJECT
80.0%       2.384724       0.863240         REJECT
90.0%       2.384724       0.798111         REJECT
95.0%       2.384724       0.748580         REJECT
99.0%       2.384724       0.664874         REJECT
99.9%       2.384724       0.583430         REJECT

Forkman Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

First Response Variable:  Y1
Second Response Variable: Y2

H0: Population Coefficients of Variation
Are Equal (gamma1 = gamma2)
Ha: gamma1 > gamma2

Sample One Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            249
Number of Groups Included:               1
Sample Mean:                             20.144578
Sample Standard Deviation:               6.414699
Sample Coefficient of Variation:         0.318433

Sample Two Summary Statistics:
Total Number of Observations:            79
Number of Included Groups:               1
Sample Mean:                             30.481013
Sample Standard Deviation:               6.107710
Sample Coefficient of Variation:         0.200378

Forkman Test Statistic Value:            2.384724
Degrees of Freedom                       248
Degrees of Freedom                       78
CDF Value:                               0.999992
P-Value (2-tailed test):                 0.000015
P-Value (lower-tailed test):             0.999992
P-Value (upper-tailed test):             0.000008

Forkman Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

H0: gamma1 = gamma2; Ha: gamma1 <> gamma2
------------------------------------------------------------
Lower           Null
Significance           Test       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic          Value     Conclusion
------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%       2.384724       1.005895         ACCEPT
80.0%       2.384724       1.177041         ACCEPT
90.0%       2.384724       1.280145         ACCEPT
95.0%       2.384724       1.373470         ACCEPT
99.0%       2.384724       1.571455         ACCEPT
99.9%       2.384724       1.835646         ACCEPT

THE FORTRAN COMMON CHARACTER VARIABLE TWO SAMP HAS JUST BEEN SET TO MILL

Miller Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

First Response Variable:  Y1
Second Response Variable: Y2

H0: Population Coefficients of Variation
Are Equal (gamma1 = gamma2)
Ha: gamma1 <> gamma2

Sample One Summary Statistics:
Number of Observations:                    249
Sample Mean:                               20.144578
Sample Standard Deviation:                 6.414699
Sample Coefficient of Variation:           0.318433

Sample Two Summary Statistics:
Number of Observations:                    79
Sample Mean:                               30.481013
Sample Standard Deviation:                 6.107710
Sample Coefficient of Variation:           0.200378

Miller Test Statistic Value:               4.100052
CDF Value:                                 0.999979
P-Value (2-tailed test):                   0.000041
P-Value (lower-tailed test):               0.999979
P-Value (upper-tailed test):               0.000021

Miller Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

H0: gamma1 = gamma2; Ha: gamma1 <> gamma2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lower          Upper           Null
Significance           Test       Critical       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic          Value          Value     Conclusion
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%       4.100052      -0.674490       0.674490         REJECT
80.0%       4.100052      -1.281552       1.281552         REJECT
90.0%       4.100052      -1.644854       1.644854         REJECT
95.0%       4.100052      -1.959964       1.959964         REJECT
99.0%       4.100052      -2.575829       2.575829         REJECT
99.9%       4.100052      -3.290527       3.290527         REJECT

Miller Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

First Response Variable:  Y1
Second Response Variable: Y2

H0: Population Coefficients of Variation
Are Equal (gamma1 = gamma2)
Ha: gamma1 < gamma2

Sample One Summary Statistics:
Number of Observations:                    249
Sample Mean:                               20.144578
Sample Standard Deviation:                 6.414699
Sample Coefficient of Variation:           0.318433

Sample Two Summary Statistics:
Number of Observations:                    79
Sample Mean:                               30.481013
Sample Standard Deviation:                 6.107710
Sample Coefficient of Variation:           0.200378

Miller Test Statistic Value:               4.100052
CDF Value:                                 0.999979
P-Value (2-tailed test):                   0.000041
P-Value (lower-tailed test):               0.999979
P-Value (upper-tailed test):               0.000021

Lower One-Tailed Test

H0: gamma1 = gamma2; Ha: gamma1 < gamma2
------------------------------------------------------------
Null
Significance           Test       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic      Value (<)     Conclusion
------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%       4.100052       0.000000         REJECT
80.0%       4.100052      -0.841621         REJECT
90.0%       4.100052      -1.281552         REJECT
95.0%       4.100052      -1.644854         REJECT
99.0%       4.100052      -2.326348         REJECT
99.9%       4.100052      -3.090232         REJECT

Miller Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

First Response Variable:  Y1
Second Response Variable: Y2

H0: Population Coefficients of Variation
Are Equal (gamma1 = gamma2)
Ha: gamma1 > gamma2

Sample One Summary Statistics:
Number of Observations:                    249
Sample Mean:                               20.144578
Sample Standard Deviation:                 6.414699
Sample Coefficient of Variation:           0.318433

Sample Two Summary Statistics:
Number of Observations:                    79
Sample Mean:                               30.481013
Sample Standard Deviation:                 6.107710
Sample Coefficient of Variation:           0.200378

Miller Test Statistic Value:               4.100052
CDF Value:                                 0.999979
P-Value (2-tailed test):                   0.000041
P-Value (lower-tailed test):               0.999979
P-Value (upper-tailed test):               0.000021

Miller Two Sample Test for Equal Coefficient of Variations

H0: gamma1 = gamma2; Ha: gamma1 <> gamma2
------------------------------------------------------------
Lower           Null
Significance           Test       Critical     Hypothesis
Level      Statistic          Value     Conclusion
------------------------------------------------------------
50.0%       4.100052       0.000000         ACCEPT
80.0%       4.100052       0.841621         ACCEPT
90.0%       4.100052       1.281552         ACCEPT
95.0%       4.100052       1.644854         ACCEPT
99.0%       4.100052       2.326348         ACCEPT
99.9%       4.100052       3.090232         ACCEPT


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Date created: 06/27/2017
Last updated: 06/27/2017